World Diabetes Day

#The Nurse and Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which the sugar level of the blood tends to be too high. This happens when the body cannot break down carbohydrates properly due to a defect in the pancreas, the gland that produces insulin. The lack of insulin means that blood sugar levels are of the normal health range.

World Diabetes Day takes place every year on the 14th of November. It has grown to become a globally celebrated event which increases awareness about diabetes. With more than 100 campaigns, meetings, activities, screenings, lectures and many more, World Diabetes Day is proving to be effective internationally in spreading the message about diabetes and raising awareness for the condition.

This day is recognized internationally and is an official United Nations Day. Every year it is accompanied by a theme, coordinated by the International Diabetes Federation. This year’s theme is The Nurse and Diabetes.

The campaign aims at raising awareness around the world on the role of the nurse in supporting people living with Diabetes.

Nurses, who account for over half of the global health workforce, do an outstanding job in supporting people living with a wide range of health concerns.

People living with diabetes face a number of challenges and education is a vital tool to equip nurses with skills to support them. As numbers of diabetics continue to rise across the world, the role of nurses and other health professionals is important in managing the impact of the condition.

The government and health care providers mist recognize the importance of investing in training and educating the nurses, and with the right expertise, nurses will make a difference to people affected by diabetes.

The signs and symptoms include:

A. Feeling very thirsty

B. Urinating more frequently than usual, particularly at night

C. Feeling very tired

D. Weight loss and loss of muscle bulk

E. Cuts or wounds that heal slowly

F. Blurred vision

Apart from nurses, the patient should also learn to protect themselves from any other infection that aims to worsen the condition.

1. Regular exercise is the other vital pillar for a healthy heart. Your exercise program must include flexibility, aerobic, strength training and yoga.

2. Focus on what you eat. It is important not just to balance the calorie intake, but also to ensure a healthy proportion of carbohydrate, fat and proteins. The diet must be enriched with micronutrients, fats, fibre and minerals.

3. Limiting mental stress is also vital for heart protection.

4. Muscle is one of the most important organs involved in blood sugar regulation. Hence, good muscle health along with fat loss will help control your sugar levels more effectively and durably and keep your heart healthy.

5. Ensure periodic testing and regular consultation with your diabetes care doctor will not only ensure that your sugar levels are controlled, but also that the heart disease risk factors are optimally taken care of.

People who are at risk of getting diabetes include,

A. Persons over the age of 40

B. When one is overweight (a BMI of 25 or higher)

C. If you have a family history of diabetes

D. If you had the condition during pregnancy

E. When you do not exercise regularly (it is recommended to get 30 minutes of exercise five days per week)

F. If have high blood pressure

G. If you have high cholesterol

The nurse plays a vital role in the life of the diabetic patient.

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