(Photo courtesy of Medlife Blog)
World Stroke Day is celebrated annually on 29th October to raise awareness around stroke prevention and treatment.
Below are signs of stroke in men and women:
1.Sudden numbness in face, arms or legs especialy on one side of the body.
2.Sudden confusion, difficulty in speaking or understanding speech.
3.Trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
4.Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
5.Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or lack of coordination.
Acting F.A.S.T. may help stroke patients commence the treatment they need. The best stroke treatments work best if the stroke is recognized and diagnised within 3 hours of the first symptoms.
F – Face – Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A- Arms – Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S- Speech – Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is the speech slurred or strange?
T-Time – Seek medical help immediately.
According to the World Stroke Organization, 80million have survived stroke worldwide. However, many stroke victims face significant challenges that may include; physical disability, communication difficulties, changes in how they think and feel, loss of work, income and social networks.
Below are ways in which you can prevent stroke;
1.Be physically active.
This may be challenging for a number of people. Try to make it fun and enjoyable for yourself by doing workouts or physical activities that you enjoy. This could be jogging, swimming, brisk walks, or specific exercises that you like. Whatever it is, make sure your body is moving.
2.Consume a healthy diet.
According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020, a healthy eating plan emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk products, includes lean meats, fish, beans, eggs, nuts and is low in saturated fats. All this should be within your daily calorie needs.
3.Quit smoking and alcohol consumption.
Smoking increases the risk of clogged blood vessels and build-up of plaque leading to narrowed arteries whereby excessive alcohol consumption can lead to weight gain, high blood pressure, and hypertension therefore increasing the risk of stroke.
4.Control high blood pressure.
Know your numbers and keep them low.